Sacrificed Cambridge Nehru Fellowship to be an IPS Officer: ADG Sandeep Mittal

Sandeep Mittal IPSOct 09, 2020

Sacrificed Cambridge Nehru Fellowship to be an IPS Officer to serve the people: ADG Sandeep Mittal

Senior cop of Tamil Nadu Police Sandeep Mittal’s entry into the Civil Services is like a fairy tale. An alumnus of Delhi University’s prestigious Hansraj College, he was selected for Cambridge Nehru Fellowship, which he finally dropped to prepare for the Civil Services, which he cracked in 1995. “It has proved a blessing in disguise for me as I have got a rare opportunity to serve the people of all walks of life in general and the weaker sections of the society in particular,” said Mittal in an interview to Naina Jha of Bureaucrats India.

How did the idea of Civil Services crop up in your mind?

All my professors in the Department of Geology encouraged me a lot. Since I was a university rank holder, I applied for the doctorate course at the Cambridge University, London, and I got shortlisted for the Cambridge Nehru Fellowship. I had a dilemma in my mind whether to go or not. My parents never stopped me from doing anything. They supported my decision of going abroad. However, I was not sure whether I will get a job after returning to India or not, as I knew a lot of people who came back after doing their PhD from foreign and were jobless. Finally, I decided not to go to Cambridge. That was the moment when I decided to appear in the Civil Services examination.

You had total support from your parents.

Oh, yes! I informed my mother about my decision and told her to leave me alone for one year so that I can prepare for what I want to do. I told her that I was going to prepare for the Civil Services and requested her not to tell anyone about my decision. After a year of hard work, I appeared in the Civil Services exam. It was the month of June when I was preparing for the next Civil Services examination, I got to know that results have been announced. Then the internet facility was not there. So, I rushed to the UPSC to see the result.

How were you placed on the day of results?

Those days the results were posted on the notice board of the UPSC premises and in the weekly employment newspaper. I told my mother that results have been announced and I am going to check mine. When I reached the UPSC, I started checking from the bottom. I was drenched in sweat and thought I would never get into the top list. So, I decided to go back. Suddenly one of my friends came and congratulated me for the success and said I would get the IPS. I got irritated and asked him why he was cracking such a joke? He took me and indicated my name on the first page and I was both surprised and shocked to see that.

In hindsight, you were right to not opt for Cambridge fellowship.

Difficult to answer in absolute terms, but yes I am very happy to be a part of the country’s one of the most prestigious administrative institutions. I do take pride in the fact that I get utmost satisfaction from serving the people in general and the needy in particular. Police play a very important role in people’s life by ensuring their safety and security at different levels. Our uniform is a great source of assurance for the masses.

There has a lot been degeneration over the years in the police system of the country. What is your take?

I don’t think so in absolute terms, but yes you have oranges and apples in the basket. Police are not an exception. If there is degeneration in the social ecosystem, police or for that matter any department cannot be immune for long. I personally feel that police forces work very hard. They have no social or family life. Through thick and thin they are at the service of the people. During the corona pandemic, they have done a fantastic job, which we all must appreciate.

General perception about the police is not good.

One should not be guided by the perception. We have to vouch for reality. Against so many odds we have to work and perform as a police force that most of the people do not know. There are undue pulls and pressures. There are external and unfounded factors which give you a lot of mental stress, but we need to cope with all this and perform to the best of our ability.

People have a lot of expectations from the police. Do you think that is correct?

People have the right to have expectations from us. We are meant for them and our job is to serve them irrespective of their social standing. For us, all are equally important and we need to serve them with utmost care and dedication.

How has social media impacted policing?

Social media is a new phenomenon. The use of digital tools in policing has tremendously increased. Thanks to the penetration of social media, each of us is under constant watch. At the same time, social media has thrown up many challenges also. During the coronavirus induced lockdown, we used social media platforms to reach out to the needy and help them out. From arranging meals in trains through NGOs to providing admission in hospitals, we used social media to the maximum in creating a positive image for police.

How does one’s family background impact his outlook as a police officer?

Irrespective of our family background, our job is to serve the people. The people whom we serve are our masters. If we are able to get their goodwill and gratefulness, we make our day. Howsoever great a background you may be carrying, as a police officer, your first and foremost job is to serve the people and ensure that justice is done to its seekers. Yet, one’s family background has only a positive impact on an officer.

What about you?

Let me confess very honestly that I feel for the people I have put up the uniform to serve. I come from a lower middle class family. My father was in a government job. That is why he left his village in Haryana in 1968 and got settled in Delhi. During his college days, he stayed with his elder brother. After completing his education, he joined a government job in Delhi itself.

I was probably the first generation from my family to study in a private school. I did my primary school education from Ravindra Montessori School, Shakti Nagar, Delhi.

Can you share some of your school day’s memories?

I haven’t forgotten anything. I was very particular about my attendance. I used to go to school almost every day. In Class VI, I got into a new school, which was considered the best one in the area. I was put in English medium class, which I protested a lot and asked why I was being given admission into the section where the medium of teaching is English. However, all the teachers were of the view that I should opt for English medium. I secured good marks in Class X and XII.  I did my graduation in Geology from Delhi University. I was very active in student politics as well, but never compromised with studies.

Do you miss academics?

I am continuing my passion for academics even today. After joining IPS, I did Masters in Police Management, Postgraduate Diploma in Computer Forensics from Gujarat Forensic Science University, Postgraduate Program in Cyber Defence from Cranfield University on a Chevening Cyber Security Fellowship and LLM in Internet Law from Strathclyde Law School, UK on a Commonwealth Fellowship. I also earned a Doctorate in Cyber Security from Rashtriya Raksha University, Gujarat. My Ph D thesis has contributed to draft privacy policy and law being framed in India. I am among SSRN top three per cent global authors in all subjects taken together. I have published more than 30 research papers in international journals. I have the distinction of being the youngest Director of NICFS, where I undertook several forensic science projects of national importance. I am the only serving officer to be awarded the SKOCH Challenger Award for my contribution in cyberspace.

Last but not the least, what is your suggestion for Civil Services aspirants?

Hard work has no substitute. One should be focussed and determined to give his or her best.Consistency is very important in the preparation for the Civil Services examination. At the same time, one should also keep other options open.There are many great fields to serve the society and the nation, but if someone wants to be a part of the Civil Services, he or she is most welcome!

जानिए कौन हैं 80 वर्षीय बीमार पिता की दाढ़ी बना रहे IPS Sandeep Mittal, देखें वायरल तस्वीर

By Vishwanath Saini | Updated: Friday, October 9, 2020, 21:59 [IST]

नई दिल्ली। सोशल मीडिया पर आईपीएस अफसरों की तस्वीरें अक्सर वायरल होती रहती हैं। कभी वे अपने काम को दबंग अंदाज में अंजाम देते तो कभी पूरी पुलिस फोर्स के लिए कोई मिसाल पेश करते दिखाई देते हैं। अब आईपीएस अधिकारी डॉ. संदीप मित्तल की एक तस्वीर वायरल हो रही है, जो बेहद ​मार्मिक है। तस्वीर में आईपीएस संदीप मित्तल अपने पिता की दाढ़ी बना रहे हैं।

Sandeep Mittal IPS

बता दें कि संदीप मित्तल के पिता की उम्र 80 वर्ष है। इन दिनों वे बीमार चल रहे हैं। अपने दैनिक कार्य भी सहज नहीं कर पा रहे हैं। संदीप मित्तल ने अपने ट्विटर हैंडल पर 7 अक्टूबर को दोपहर ढाई बजे एक तस्वीर शेयर की है, जिसमें वे बिस्तर पर बैठे अपने पिता की दाढ़ी बना रहे हैं। तस्वीर सोशल मीडिया में वायरल हो रही है। दो दिन में ही इस तस्वीर को 3 हजार 900 बार रीट्वीट किया जा चुका है। 55 हजार से ज्यादा लोगों ने पिता पुत्र की इस तस्वीर को लाइक किया है।

Sandeep Mittal IPS

आईपीएस संदीप मित्तल की जीवनी

डॉ. संदीप मित्तल भारतीय पुलिस सेवा के सीनियर अफसर हैं। तमिलनाडू कैडर के वर्ष 1995 के आईपीएस संदीप मित्तल एडीजी रैंक के अधिकारी हैं। इन्हें साइबर सिक्यूरिटी में एक्सपर्ट माना जाता है। ये भारतीय संसद भवन के सुरक्षा सचिव भी रह चुके हैं। कई वीरता पुरस्कारों से नवाजे जा चुके हैं। विश्व की तमाम विश्वविद्यालयों से इन्हें कई मानद उपाधियां मिल चुकी हैं।

सोशल मीडिया पर रहते हैं सक्रिय संदीप मित्तल

सोशल मीडिया पर खासे सक्रिय रहते हैं। इन्हें ट्विटर पर 76 हजार 600 से ज्यादा लोग फॉलो करते हैं। भारतीय पुलिस सेवा के काबिल अफसरों में से एक संदीप मित्तल से जुड़े मामले हैं, जो देशभर की सुर्खियां बन चुके हैं।

आईपीएस संदीप मित्तल से जुड़े चर्चित मामले

Sandeep Mittal IPSजावेद अख्तर के ट्वीट का जवाब : दिसम्बर 2019 में दिल्ली स्थित जामिया मिलिया इस्लामिया में नागरिकता संशोधन क़ानून को लेकर विरोध प्रदर्शन हुए थे। जामिया में आंदोलन और हिंसा के बाद फिल्मकार व गीतकार जावेद अख्तर ने इस मामले में ट्वीट करके पुलिस व्यवस्था पर सवाल उठाते हुए लिखा कि ‘पुलिस बिना विश्वविद्यालय प्रशासन की मंजूरी के किसी विश्वविद्यालय की परिसर में नहीं घुस सकती है’ जावेद अख्तर के इस ट्वीट के जवाब में IPS अफसर संदीप मित्तल ने लिखा ‘प्रिय क़ानून के जानकार, कृपया बताइए कि आप किस क़ानून की बात कर रहे हैं। सेक्शन नंबर और क़ानून का नाम बताइए और हमारा ज्ञानवर्धन करिए।

आईपीएस एसोसिएशन के खिलाफ बगावत

बीते माह कुछ सीनियर आईपीएस अफसरों का अपने ही संगठन सेंट्रल आईपीएस एसोसिएशन के खिलाफ बगावत की खबरें सामने आई। इसके बाद एसोसिएशन ने अपने कुछ साथियों को ट्विटर पर अनफॉलो कर दिया था। सबसे पहले संदीप मित्तल के साथ ऐसा हुआ। मित्तल के समर्थन में देश के कई सीनियर आईपीएस अफसर आ गए। बात कानूनी कार्रवाई तक पहुंच गई थी। कोर्ट तक जाने की धमकी दी गई। सोशल मीडिया में बहस शुरू हो गई। दो दिनों तक हंगामा मचा रहा। बाद में कुछ सीनियर अफसरों के बीच बचाव के बाद समझौता हुआ।

ISIS विचारधारा द्वारा भारतीय मुस्लिम युवकों को आतंकवाद की तरफ धकेलना: भारत की आंतरिक सुरक्षा के लिए सबसे बड़ी चुनौती

4th estate News
Sandeep Mittal


हिजब्- उत्- तहरीर और “कुरान सर्कल” आतंकवादी संगठन

हाल ही में नेशनल इन्वेस्टिगेशन एजेंसी द्वारा दो आतंकवादियों को गिरफ्तार किया गया। तमिलनाडु के रामनाथपुरम जिले में रहने वाला अहमद अब्दुल कादिर और बेंगलुरु का इरफान नासिर बेंगलुरु में ISIS के एक मॉड्युल का हिस्सा थे। यह दोनों आतंकवादी संगठन हिजब्- उत्- तहरीर के सदस्य थे और उन्होंने अपना एक आतंकवादी संगठन “कुरान सर्कल” के नाम से बनाया था। “कुरान सर्कल” का मुख्य उद्देश्य मुस्लिम युवकों को बहला-फुसलाकर एवं गुमराह करके सीरिया के युद्ध ग्रस्त इलाकों में प्रशिक्षण के लिए भेजना था और उसके लिए वे उन्हें वित्तीय सहायता भी प्रदान करते थे।

4th estate News
The muslim youth is allegedly being misguided to join terror ranks by these ISIS modules

इस प्रकार के आतंकवादी संगठन भारत की आंतरिक एवं बाह्य सुरक्षा के लिए बहुत बड़ा खतरा हैं। ऐसा लगता है कि यह समुद्र में डूबे हुए हिम शिखर की चोटी समान ही है क्योंकि इस प्रकार के छोटे-छोटे मॉड्यूल मुस्लिम युवा को गुमराह करने में देश के कई कोनों में कार्यरत होंगे।

इंटेलिजेंस एवं इन्वेस्टिगेशन एजेंसीज के बीच गंभीर समन्वय आवश्यक

यह एक चिंता का विषय है और इस गंभीर समस्या को समझने और संभालने के लिए सभी इंटेलिजेंस एवं इन्वेस्टिगेशन एजेंसीज के बीच में एक गंभीर समन्वय की आवश्यकता है। वित्तीय चैनल्स जैसे ऑनलाइन ट्रांजैक्शन, पेटीएम मनी ट्रांसफर, क्राउड फंडिंग आदि की मॉनिटरिंग करने की आवश्यकता है। इस प्रकार की वित्तीय आदान-प्रदान को विभिन्न अन्वेषण एवं आसूचना इकाइयों को कैसे अवगत कराया जाए उसके लिए कृत्रिम आसूचना तकनीक (Artificial Intelligence) का उपयोग करते हुए इंटरनेट डार्क नेट और अन्य सोशल मीडिया अन्वेषण आदि की व्यवस्था को सुचारू रूप से बनाना और चलाना होगा।

आजकल कई प्रकार की एप्स प्ले स्टोर आदि पर उपलब्ध हैं जिनके द्वारा गुप्त मैसेज भेजे जा सकते हैं। पढ़ने के बाद यह गुप्त मैसेज अपने आप खत्म हो जाते हैं ताकि कोई भी इंटेलिजेंस एजेंसी या इन्वेस्टिगेशन एजेंसी इन मैसेजेस को ना पढ़ सके। इस प्रकार की ऐप्स को भारत में डाउनलोड करने के लिए एक ऐसा सिस्टम बनाना होगा कि जो भी व्यक्ति इन सीक्रेट मैसेजिंग एप्स को डाउनलोड करे उसके IMEI एवं आधार नंबर और बैंक अकाउंट से उस ऐप को लिंक कर दिया जाए।

इस ऐप के निर्माता इन शर्तों के लिए कभी तैयार नहीं होंगे। परंतु भारत सरकार, सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी मंत्रालय द्वारा, इंटरनेट सर्विस प्रोवाइडर्स ( ISPs ) को कहकर गेटवे पर ही इस सुविधा को प्रारंभ कर सकती है। जो व्यक्ति भी इन सीक्रेट मैसेजिंग एप्स को डाउनलोड करें उनकी पूरी लिस्ट, आईपी ऐड्रेस, आधार आईडी के साथ भारत सरकार की किसी एक निर्धारित एजेंसी को भेज दिया जाए। इन एप्स को डाउनलोड करने वाले व्यक्तियों पर कड़ी निगरानी रखी जाए।

अभिव्यक्ति की स्वतंत्रता के नाम पर देश की प्रभुत्व-संपन्नता के साथ खिलवाड़

आज जहां पश्चिमी एवं यूरोपीय देशों में अपनी आंतरिक एवं बाह्य सुरक्षा को ध्यान में रखते हुए पूर्ण रूप से सतर्कता बरती जा रही है, वहीं भारत में फ्रीडम ऑफ एक्सप्रेशन के आड़ में भारत की आंतरिक सुरक्षा के साथ कई तरीकों से खिलवाड़ करने की कोशिश की जा रही है। हमें अभिव्यक्ति की स्वतंत्रता के नाम पर अपने देश की प्रभुत्व-संपन्नता के साथ किसी भी व्यक्ति को किसी प्रकार का खिलवाड़ करने की इजाजत नहीं देनी है।

सोशल मीडिया प्लेटफॉर्म्स द्वारा आंतरिक सुरक्षा एजेंसी के साथ असहयोग

सोशल मीडिया प्लेटफॉर्म्स द्वारा भी आंतरिक सुरक्षा एजेंसीज के साथ समन्वय एवं सहयोग नहीं किया जा रहा है। इसका कारण भारत में सोशल मीडिया प्लेटफॉर्म्स को निर्देशित करने के लिए कोई प्रभावी कानून का ना होना है। इस विषय में भी जल्दी से जल्दी एक प्रभावी कानून बनाने की आवश्यकता है। इसके साथ साथ भारत सरकार को संविधानिक तौर पर सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी कानून एवं उसके अंतर्गत दी जाने वाली सजा में भी उचित प्रकार के संशोधन करने होंगे ताकि इस प्रकार के देशद्रोही और आतंकवादी कानून की आड़ में कानून के शिकंजे से बच ना पाऐं।

हाल ही में भारत सरकार ने राष्ट्रीय रक्षा विश्वविद्यालय एवं राष्ट्रीय विधि विज्ञान विश्वविद्यालय की स्थापना की है। इस प्रकार की विद्वत संस्थाएं यदि देश की अन्वेषक एवं सूचना संस्थाओं के साथ मिलकर कृत्रिम आसूचना तकनीक के विषय में अनुसंधान करेंगे तो जल्द ही विश्वसनीय एवं ठोस नतीजे हमारी सुरक्षा संस्थाओं के हाथ आएंगे।

Sandeep Mittal, IPS is a Postgraduate in Cyber Defence and Computer Forensics and hold Doctorate in Cyber Security. He taught Cyberspace Investigation to functionaries of Criminal Justice Administration. The academic views expressed here are his own and may not reflect the views of Organisations where he works.

©️ The content of this Article is intellectual property of The 4th Estate and can not be used except with prior written consent of the Editor, The 4th Estate.

A Case for Police Reforms- What need to be done?

Continue reading “A Case for Police Reforms- What need to be done?”

New Education Policy 2020, society must work hard and change fast for a Atmanirbhar Bharat

the 4th Estate News


Published in 4th Estate News on Sep 10, 2020
Sandeep Mittal


Sandeep Mittal

The New Education Policy 2020 is very comprehensive and reflects upon the intention of Government for educational reforms in India with futuristic vision. Broadly the author tends to agree with the concept. However, the past experience gives rise to the question, whether a policy itself is sufficient to bring desired changes in education sector in India. Some thoughts which come to my mind are shared here.

“…..the new Education Policy, 2020 is a welcome step and the Indian society has to work hard and change fast to make it resounding success. Let us hope to nurture innovative minds for a prosperous Atmanirbhar Bharat……”

The policy has devoted a considerable space to Quality Universities and Colleges and detailed ‘A New and Forward Looking Vision for India’s Higher Education System’ to revolutionise the higher education. We agree with the identified challenges in the field of higher education. Additionally, it would be highly desirable that we recognise the fact that there is lack of intellectual integrity and prevalence of intellectual corruption among the faculty and the students in higher educational institutions in India. This is a very serious hindrance in achieving the aims envisaged in this policy.Continue reading “New Education Policy 2020, society must work hard and change fast for a Atmanirbhar Bharat”

Social Media Platforms, The Fifth Estate Czars demolishing the four Estates

the 4th Estate News


Published in 4th Estate News on Sep 3, 2020
Sandeep Mittal


Sandeep Mittal

The use of social media platforms to commit crimes like defamation, bullying, slender and its use as a tool to exploit vulnerabilities, to hack the assets in virtual and physical domains, is not uncommon. The stories of young girls committing suicide because their morphed photos were posted on Facebook, hacking of Twitter handles of famous personalities like Warren Buffett to siphon off money from their bank accounts, posting fake pornographic content on the verified handles of senior government officials to defame them and hacking the officially verified handle of Indian Prime Minister; are only a few instances of misuse of these social media platforms.

A Crime can always take place irrespective of whether the social media platform is secure or not, but what is more appalling is the lackadisical attitude of the social media platform administrators in not co-operating with Law Enforcement Agencies, investigating the crime to bring the culprits to book. Most of these social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, Telegram etc are owned by companies who are incorporated in United States of America and claim to be governed by Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act (CDA) of 1996 (a common name for Title V of the Telecommunications Act of 1996), a piece of Internet legislation in the United States, codified at 47 U.S.C. § 230, consequently they have an arrogant attitude toward the requests made by the citizens and Law Enforcement Agencies and try to obstruct administration of justice and investigation by not providing critical information in time.

Recently, it has also been alleged internationally, as well as in India, the biased ideological attitude of some of these social media platforms actively interfering in internal matters of of nations like democratic elections. It is also not known what mechanism these companies deploy to engage the manpower involved in maintaining their operations. Recently, it was found that several employees of Twitter were involved in hacking of important verified handles. The most worrying trend is that these social media platforms are openly taking confrontation with the National Governments, their representatives and even constitutionally elected Committees of Constitutional Establishment like Parliament. To summarise they’ve become ‘State within a State’ and law unto themselves.

There is an urgent need in India to make provisions by issuing an Ordinance followed by enactment of Act for making and implementing provisions to regulate these social media platforms and ensure that justice is delivered to every citizen who becomes a victim of the apathy of these social media platforms. Some of the important provisions which should be incorporated in the proposed Ordinance and law are listed below,

  1. As cyberspace has been acknowledged as the fourth domain of Warfare after Land, Sea and Air, the foremost requirement for operations of these social media platforms should be to run their Indian operations by incorporating a Company in India over which the jurisdiction and laws of India apply. The Chief Executive Officer of the Indian Company should be an Indian passport holder and ordinarily be a resident in India. By implementing this provision social media platforms would be under jurisdiction of Indian criminal and civil law. This would strategically give India some perceived control over the Cyberspace.
  2. All the servers related to the Indian user’s data or atleast their mirrors must be kept and installed in India only. The passwords of these clouds spread over several international jurisdictions may be kept in an escrow account.
  3. License from MeitY must be made compulsory for their operations in India. They should be treated as service providers, under the licensing conditions, who should be bound by the directions of MEITY for regulating their operations in India. The violations of the instructions issued by MEITY in accordance with the terms and conditions of the licence would result in cancellation of the licence to operate as also make them liable for criminal and civil suit.
  4. Automatad repository of the mobile numbers to which the account was linked must be shared with and maintained by an Agency of Ministry of Home Affairs so that it can be verified with the service provider to help trace the misuse of social media accounts and also find a fake one.
  5. While creating an account on any of these social media platforms it should be mandatory for the user to verify his or her credentials including mobile number through net banking or a credit card to establish his rightful coordinates, incase of any investigation. Minimum amount of ₹1 or ₹10 may be deducted for a confirmed transaction for establishing the credentials of the user by the Bank. If the bank account is inactive for more than 3 months, the Bank should not process this confirmation request. This suggestion is important because it would take care of several fake handles run by Criminals, Naxals and Anti-National elements thus also preventing the spread of fake news by these suspect handles.
  6. Provision for heavy financial penalties including cancellation of operations and imprisonment of the officials of the social media platforms should be made, if they don’t comply with the requests of Law Enforcement Agencies for investigation and data requests or request for removal of data by the LEA.

It is the right time that these social media platforms are given the message that they need to abide by the Laws and Jurisdiction of India and stop behaving as Czars operating from Ivory Towers located in foreign land. The Fundamental Rights of Indian citizens, maintenance of public order in Indian society, respect for Indian culture and values and last but not the least security and integrity of our Nation has to be respected, if they have to do business in India. Nation also cannot afford to ignore the vast Empire of The 5th Estate being run by these Social Media Platforms as the Cyberspace has fastly emerged as the fourth domain of Warfare after land, sea and air. The players in the Cyberspace , as a Warfare domain, therefore, need to be treated as either a friend or an enemy according to their ‘prakriti’ and deeds as stipulated by Chanakya.

Sandeep Mittal, IPS is a Postgraduate in Cyber Defence and Computer Forensics and hold Doctorate in Cyber Security. He taught Cyberspace Investigation to functionaries of Criminal Justice Administration. The academic views expressed here are his own and may not reflect the views of Organisations where he works.


©️ The content of this Article is intellectual property of The 4th Estate and can not be used except with prior written consent of the Editor, The 4th Estate.

Urban Naxal’s modus operandi: create false narrative, discredit the State and project accussed as victim

the 4th Estate News


Published in 4th Estate News on August 31, 2020
Sandeep Mittal


Sandeep Mittal

Over a period of time, an influential pressure group comprising Advocates, Media professionals and Academics having left leanings has taken the entire system of governance to ransom. The peaceful existence of any ideology as constructive betterment of the society and Nation is never underestimated. However, in an increasingly worrying trend, there are repeated attempts by the members of this unholy nexus, at strategic places in India, to create false narratives about every legitimate action of the State. Their activities range from instigating disgruntled elements in the society, based on caste, creed, religion or economic backwardness to protest against the State. Once that is achieved, they further go ahead to create lawlessness in the society to prove that there is no governance and State is neither effective nor sympathetic to the cause of these instigated sections of the society. Several such examples of lawlessness by these left wing elements are a regular feature hampering the growth of Indian economy and jeopardising the security of Nation. These acts of lawlessness and violence can be traced from Paramakudi in Ramanathapuram District, Sterlite agitation in Tuticorin both in Tamilnadu, violence at Bheema Koregaon and the recent riots of Delhi. The geographical disposition of these places may be thousand miles apart but there is one thing in common between all these incidents, that is, planned instigation of riots, consistent flow of misinformation, creating false narrative, to discredit the police, considered as the visible arm of the state, and to project the accused as victims.

The scope of this article is to analyse one such fake narrative created by these supporters of urban naxals. On 14th of December, 2019; a story titled “Did the Pune Police temper with evidence against Bheema Koregaon accused?” was carried by ‘The Caravan’. The story went unnoticed withContinue reading “Urban Naxal’s modus operandi: create false narrative, discredit the State and project accussed as victim”

Net Neutrality, Economic based versus Rights based Approach

the 4th Estate News


Published in 4th Estate News on August 27, 2020
Sandeep Mittal


Sandeep Mittal

The issue of network neutrality across the globe has been envisaged based mainly on two approaches viz., economic business regulation models and right based models factoring in the rights of privacy and freedom of expression. Internet has become the undisputed vital vehicle for cultural, social and humanitarian functions in a democracy. The high technology routers, vast network infrastructure including optic fibres, high end services like high definition video on demand (VoD), Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) has afforded the network service providers a greater control in providing graded (read differential) network accessibility to customers in the name of providing high quality of service (QoS) as per their demands. This has initiated the vicious cycle of network service providers controlling the content and its accessibility by having differential pricing for different services resulting into infringement of the rights of privacy, freedom of expression and right to freely access the lawful online content. In this essay we would discuss the issues involved in both these approaches.

The Economic Market Regulation based Approach

The market regulation of net neutrality has mainly two of approaches viz., the market competition was itself allowed to maintain net neutrality (e.g., UK, EU) and the other approach exercises an institutional command and control over the markets to maintain the net neutrality (e.g., USA). In USA, subsequent to Continue reading “Net Neutrality, Economic based versus Rights based Approach”

Can Privacy of Individual be the Key to Economic Prosperity of Society

the 4th Estate News


Published in 4th Estate News on August 22, 2020
Sandeep Mittal


Sandeep Mittal

The ‘Internet’ has today become an essential part of our lives and revolutionised the way communication and trade take place far beyond the ambit of national and international borders. It has, however, also allowed unscrupulous criminals to misuse the Internet and exploit it for committing numerous cybercrimes pertaining to pornography, gambling, lottery, financial frauds, identity thefts, drug trafficking, and data theft, among others. Cyberspace is under both perceived and real threat from various state and non-state actors. ‘World internet users’ have increased by 826%, from 16 million in 1995 to 3,270 million in the last 15 years, making about 46% of the world population. Internet has emerged as a preferred medium of expression of free speech, conducting trade and business, running daily errands like controlling multipurpose home devices thus generating large volumes of personal data. This data includes names, addresses, mobile numbers, dates of birth, emails, geographic locations, health records like BMI and can aid in various social, political and commercial purposes. This big data, which has been disclosed voluntarily or incidentally through interactive (e.g., Online Surveys) or technological (e.g., Cookies) means has high potential of secondary uses. The protection of privacy and confidentiality of this personal data at residence and in motion within and across the borders is a cause of concern more particularly in modern economies where the data is a treasure- trove for businesses. The current debate in India on “whether privacy (including data privacy) should be a fundamental right or just a right or just a concept purportedly seems to be advanced in the light of privacy law in Europe and US, who have adopted divergent approaches to this issue. However, transposition of these foreign laws to Indian scenario neither takes into account the socio-economic fabric of the country nor its present and future economic interests.

Continue reading “Can Privacy of Individual be the Key to Economic Prosperity of Society”

Interaction with IPS Officer Trainees during their attachment with Parliament of India

Sh. Sandeep Mittal, IPS interacted with IPS Officer Trainees during their attachment with Parliament of India & shared my ideas on “Policing the community, the community policing way” on 30th Oct. 2018

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