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A Forensic Guide for Crime Investigators: Standard Operating Procedures By LNJN National Institute of Criminology & Forensic Science

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With the expansion of technology and emergence of new types of crime at one hand, and increasing demand and reliance on forensic evidence by courts and opinion makers on the other hand, investigating agencies are expected to collect newer types of evidence as well as get convincing forensic evidence to satisfy the courts as well as other stakeholders like the press, civil society & political leadership.

Each type of forensic evidence requires relevant method for collection, handling, packing and forwarding the physical evidence for forensic examination. Forensic evidence can be severely damaged due to shortcoming of any of the aspects. It is difficult for Investigating Officers to remember the correct procedure for each type of forensic evidence at the time of collection and also queries that could be made for the forensic expert’s opinion.

Therefore, it was felt that a handbook of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) should be available to the I.O. for their ready reference. This handbook tries to fulfill the long felt-need of the investigating agencies. It will be useful not only for I.Os. but also judicial officers and prosecutors. This is a maiden attempt by NICFS to empower different agencies of the criminal justice system and bridge the gap between technical and non-technical officials in the Criminal Justice System.

This comprehensive book, which comprises of 721 A4 size pages, gives relevant sections of law, crime statistics, crime scene management, crime scene kit, search procedure, potential evidence, preservation, packaging, transportation to laboratory, sample queries for laboratories, Do’s & Don’ts, precautions, case studies, photographs and references for each type of crime.

The book was released by Hon’ble Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Haribhai Parathibhai Chaudhary in the 34th National Symposium of Heads of Police Training Institutions at New Delhi on 28th Oct. 2015.


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Shri Sandeep Mittal, an IPS Officer of 1995 Batch, completed B. Sc. (Honours) Geology with University Gold Medal and M.Sc. Applied Geology with University Gold Medal, both from University of Delhi. He earned Degree of Master’s in Police Management from Osmania University, Diploma in Cyber Security and Postgraduate Diploma in Cyber Crime Investigation and Cyber Forensics from Gujarat Forensic Science University, Gandhinagar . He is a Postgraduate in Cyber Defence and Information Assurance from Cranfield University, UK. He conducted a number of experiments in people friendly policing to bridge the divide between police and public. He headed the Security of Asia Pacific’s largest prison i.e. Tihar Prisons, New Delhi. While serving in Narcotics Control Bureau under Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India as Zonal Director he was instrumental in liquidating a number of National and International drug syndicates and developed his skills in cyber crime investigation. He is a Chevening Cyber Security Fellow, UK; a Commonwealth Scholar in Internet Law & Policy a t University of Strathclyde, UK; an Associate of Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses, New Delhi and a Life Member of United Services Institution of India, New Delhi; Indian Society of Criminology, India and Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. He is member, Editorial Board of Indian Journal of Criminology and Criminalistics, a peer reviewed journal. He has published research papers in reputed peer reviewed Journals.

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